<dd id="2jxft"><big id="2jxft"></big></dd>
    1. <button id="2jxft"></button>

        <progress id="2jxft"><big id="2jxft"></big></progress>
      1. Eating Fish and Liver Disease

        Updated on November 24, 2017
        Aelbarsha profile image

        Abdelhakim Elbarsha is a consultant gastroenterologist, endoscopist, and an assistant university professor.

        The liver is a large organ that plays an extremely complex and significant role in the protection against toxins.

        It receives blood from the gut which carries all the absorbed substances that can be digestion products, environmental toxins, medications ... etc ; and through a series of biochemical reactions, a huge number of these substances is converted to harmless products to be excreted later by kidneys.

        Because of its first line defense duty, the liver is directly vulnerable to every thing we eat or consume, either food (including preservatives and colorants) , drinks or medications.

        It's proved that liver health is affected by diet content, and that liver disease can be positively or negatively affected by food.

        Among the questions that many patients with liver disease frequently ask, is what if they eat fish. Is fish eating beneficial or deleterious to their liver condition?

        In this article, I tried to summarize how eating fish will affect your liver disease.

        Avoid salted fish

        Salt restriction is an important issue for patients with liver disease when they suffer from edema in the form of water accumulation in the body particularly in the legs and abdomen.

        Smoked fish therefore should be eliminated from the menu as well as tanned fish (salmon, pilchards and tuna).

        Alternatively, fish tinned in oil , with no salt, is accepted. Adding lemon or lime juice, spices, pepper, and herbs to fish is another way instead of adding salt.

        Avoid salted fish
        Avoid salted fish

        Eat fish and don't worry about protein content

        There is misconception regarding eating food with high protein and the increased risk of developing hepatic encephalopathy (a state of mental suppression that can be fatal), in patient with liver cirrhosis.

        High protein intake can worsen hepatic encephalopathy, hence restricting proteins in encephalopathic patients is strongly recommended.

        But in the absence of encephalopathy, protein restriction is not justifiable, and fish is not exception. Additionally, it's advisable to divide your daily fish intake (and protein in general), evenly throughout the day, in multiple snacks, rather one or two big meals.

        Fish proteins contain taurine (an amino acid), which is essential for the integrity of your body tissues including in particular the walls of the arteries and veins connected to the liver

        Farmed versus wild fish

        Because they are fed unnatural diets, farmed fish (and generally all conventionally raised livestock), contain higher amounts of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and occasionally poor in the beneficial omega-3 fatty acids.

        Omega 6 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids that differ from omega-3 fatty acids in that they induce inflammatory changes in the body tissues including the liver.

        Therefore, always look for wild (naturally fed) fish.

        Eating fish provides your liver with healthy fats

        Fish contain essential fatty acids in their natural and unprocessed form.

        This is particularly true for oily fish. Examples are :

        • Salmon
        • Tuna
        • Sardines
        • Herring
        • Sablefish
        • Flounder
        • Trout
        • Bass
        • Mackerel

        Essential fatty acids are crucial in the structure of liver cell membranes. Therefore a normal liver function depends on adequate supply with essential fatty acids, and not following a low fat diet which many people think it's good for their liver health. Foods with fats that need to be restricted are generally vegetable oils, and processed fat.

        Fish also contain methionine, which helps detoxification of your body by the liver.


        Fresh versus preserved fish

        No doubt, the fresh!

        Preserved (eg smoked fish ), in addition to their possible increased salt content, pose an elevated risk of stomach cancer.

        Should you eat fish if you have fatty liver?

        Fish are good source of protein and “good fat”. Deep sea fish are richer in “good fat”.

        A diet rich in protein would supply you with your daily needs of amino acids. Because they are essential in the synthesis of enzymes carrying out detoxification reactions, these play a vital role in maintaining the normal liver toxin “cleansing “ function. This will help halting further liver damage when it's already diseased with fat accumulation.

        “Good fats” are omega-3 fatty acids which are the polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, exclusively found in marine oils.

        The high omega-3 fatty acid content of fish, adds extra benefit of fish for patients with early liver disease and fatty liver. Omega-3 fatty acids are naturally occurring anti inflammatory substances, that can prevent liver cell damage and can even improve abnormally high liver enzymes.

        Therefore they reverse the abnormalities that can lead eventually to liver cirrhosis if left untreated.

        The main sources of omega-3 fatty acids, are cold-water fish, such as mackerel, herring, flaxseeds, and salmon.

        It's recommended to eat fish at least three times a week to maintain a steady supply with omega-3 fatty acids, but you can boost your daily intake of essential fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids by taking fish oil in the form of capsules.

        Fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids supplements reduce the liver fat content and improve the portal blood pressure (i.e. the blood pressure in the portal venous blood circulation).

        Studies clearly showed that fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids supplements significantly improve fatty changes in the liver and are recommended for patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).

        Fatty liver disease as seen under the light microscope.
        Fatty liver disease as seen under the light microscope.

        What about shellfish?

        Although not fish, shellfish is worth mentioning liver protective seafood. It's rich in a substance called betane (also known as trimethyl glycine).

        Betane was found to be effective in minimizing alcohol-induced liver injury, owing to its effect in increasing vitamin A and glutathione (an antioxidant) levels in the liver tissue.

        Betane reduces the amount of fat and other harmful substances in the liver that can accelerate the process of natural cell death (apoptosis). Furthermore, it stimulates a series of chemical reactions that lead to mobilization of fat from the liver.

        It was found that consuming 300 grams per week or more of fish reduces the risk of developing alcoholic liver disease.


        What would happen if you don’t eat fish?

        A diet devoid of fish is generally poor in omega-3 fatty acids and relatively rich in omega-6 fatty acids.

        Omega-6 fatty acids, although they are polyunsaturated fatty acids, they enhance the risk of injury of a normal liver by increasing the production of certain toxic materials in the body. They also induce the formation of cholesterol stones in the gallbladder, which may cause inflammation (cholecystitis) or obstruction of the bile ducts resulting in jaundice and even liver damage.

        Are you seafood fan?

        See results

        This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

        Questions & Answers

        • My liver doctor told me some seafood is bad for my liver disease. What seafood is bad?

          Broadly speaking, seafood consumption is safe for patients with liver diseases. It's the way seafood is processed that determines whether there is a risk or no. If you cook fish very well, it shouldn't be harmful, since bacteria is destroyed by cooking (unlike in grilled fish). Thus, by good cooking, you will protect yourself from infections which may be serious in patients with low immunity, like some chronic liver disease patients.

        • Is it ok to eat shrimp with liver disease?

          Of course.

        • Can you eat scallops with liver disease?

          Yes of course. Scallops contain vitamin B12 which is usually deficient in people with chronic liver disease. The only concern is that some heavy metals like cadmium may be there in scallops, and therefore we should diversify our seafoods to get the maximum benefit with no harm.

        • Is oyster good for fatty liver?

          Oyster should be well cooked, other wise it will be harmful since it contains bacteria called Vibrio vulnificus.

        • Is it OK to eat tilapia if you have liver cancer?

          Of course. But generally, because Tilapia is usually raised, and frequently treated with antibiotics and pesticides, other choices are better.

        ? 2016 Abdelhakim Elbarsha


          0 of 8192 characters used
          Post Comment
          • profile image

            Steve G 

            8 months ago

            thanks man for the extra bit of education you are a great asset to many.

          • profile image


            12 months ago

            Is catfish and bass ok


          This website uses cookies

          As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, www.qorxka02375.cn uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

          For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

          Show Details
          HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
          LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
          Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
          AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
          HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
          HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
          Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
          CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
          Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
          Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
          Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
          Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
          Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
          Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
          VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
          PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
          Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
          MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
          Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
          Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
          Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
          Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
          Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
          ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
          Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
          ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)